'BITA-3' at a glance
Ploidy level


Genome group



Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institute


Breeder's code

TMBx 5295-1


'Laknau' (AAB, Laknau) x 'Tjau Lagada' (AA)

ITC code


'BITA-3' is a plantain synthetic hybrid developed by IITA in Nigeria from a 'Laknau' plantain and a diploid cultivar resistant to black leaf streak[1][2]. This hybrid is recorded as a BITA (banana type) in the literature but is actually a PITA (plantain type)[3].

Reaction to diseases and pests

Fungal diseases

Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)

'BITA-3' showed a good level of resistance to Foc races 1 and 4 at field evaluation sites in Australia[1].

Sigatoka leaf spot (Mycosphaerella musicola)

'BITA-3' developed very little Sigatoka leaf spot during evaluation field trials in Australia for Fusarium wilt, in fields unsprayed for leaf spots[1].

Reaction to abiotic stress


'BITA-3' appeared to be more comprised by cold weather when grown in sub-tropical conditions in Australia, than the synthetic hybrids 'FHIA-01', 'FHIA-18' and 'SH 3640-10'[1].


'BITA-3' is primarily used as a cooking banana[2] and it is also made into banana chips in West Africa[4] and into wine in East Africa[2]


1. Moore, N.Y., Pegg, K.G., Smith, L., Langdon, P.W., Bentley, S. and Smith, M.K. 2001. Fusarium wilt of banana in Australia. In: Molina, A.B., Nik Masdek, N.H. and Liew, K.W. (eds.). Proceedings of International Workshop on the Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease, Genting Highlands Resort (MYS), 1999/10/18-20. Banana Fusarium wilt management: Towards sustainable cultivation. INIBAP, Los Baños (PHL).
2. Bakry, F., Carreel, F., Jenny, C. and Horry, J.P. 2009. Genetic improvement of banana. p3-50. In: Jain, S.M. and Priyadarshan, P.M. (eds.). Breeding plantation tree crops: tropical species. Springer, New York (USA).
4. Adeniji, T.A. 2005. The effect of fluorescent light and packaging materials on the shelf life of plantain and banana chips during storage. African Journal of Applied Zoology & Environmental Biology 7: 19-22.

See also on this website

Musapedia pages on BITA and PITA hybrids:
Musapedia pages on improved materials: