Loading...
 

Banana-producing countries


Bananas are produced in 135 countries and overseas territories across the tropics and subtropics, according to the statistics compiled by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).1 Most bananas are consumed in the country where they are produced (exports represent less than 16 per cent of global production).

The FAO Statistics Division (FAOSTAT) publishes the data received from countries or applies an imputation methodology2 when countries do not send data. In 2018, this was the case for about two-thirds of the banana-producing countries. FAOSTAT also splits production into two crop items: bananas and plantains.

The words bananas and plantains are used loosely by FAOSTAT to mean dessert bananas and cooking bananas, which is confusing since Plantain is also the name of a group of cooking banana cultivars. Comparing the FAOSTAT production data with the ones published every two years in FruiTrop suggests that FAOSTAT is underestimating the share of cooking bananas in global production and overestimating the one of Plantain cultivars.3 The maps showing where cooking bananas are grown also show important growers of cooking bananas missing on the map using FAOSTAT's plantains production data, compared to the one done using the data published in FruiTrop.

The production data published in FruiTrop are curated by Cirad scientist, Thierry Lescot, who uses as a starting point the FAO data which he re-examines in the light of other evidence, such as reports, national statistics and expert knowledge. He breaks down production into four categories: Cavendish cultivars, other dessert bananas, Plantain cultivars, and other cooking bananas.

2018 Production

Production is measured in tonnes (metric tons). One tonne is equal to 1,000 kilograms or 2,205 pounds.

FAOSTAT estimates that in 2018 a total of 155.2 million tonnes of bananas were produced: 115.7 million tonnes under their bananas crop item (75%) and 39.5 million tonnes under their plantains crop item (25%).1 However, it's not uncommon to see  the 115.7 million tonnes figure erroneously being cited as representing the global production of bananas.4

The estimated production for the same year published in FruiTrop is 139.5 million tonnes: 79.6 million tonnes of Cavendish (57%), 17.5 million tonnes of other dessert bananas (13%), 20.9 million tonnes of Plantain (15%), and 21.4 million tonnes of other cooking bananas (15%)5 .

Maps

Below are interactive maps of the estimated total production of bananas based on the data published in FAOSTAT1 and FruiTrop5 .

Countries producing bananas (total of dessert and cooking types)

The FAOSTAT data represent the total of the bananas and plantains crop items, while the FruiTrop data represent the total of four caategories: Cavendish, other dessert bananas, Plantain, and other cooking bananas. Production is measured in tonnes. The estimated quantity of bananas produced in overseas territories is accessible from the country with which it is associated (France, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom and United States of America).



 

Countries producing cooking bananas

The maps below show the production of cooking bananas only. Although production is similar (39.5 million tonnes according to FAOSTAT and 42.3 million tonnes according to FruiTrop), there is a marked difference in the number of producing countries. The FruiTrop data cover many more countries, including large producers of cooking bananas, such as India, Indonesia, Rwanda, Burundi, Brazil, Vietnam and China, that according to FAOSTAT only produce dessert bananas.



Production by country

Below is the list of banana-producing countries and overseas territories and the number of tonnes they each produced in 2018. Production is measured in tonnes. The production values represent the total of the bananas and plantains categories into which the FAO breaks down the banana. Download Excel file of the data: 2018 FAO Production Stats

You can also search by country/territory or region by clicking on Filters.

Filters
RankCountry/territory Production (tonnes)
4Colombia7,287,997
6Ecuador7,157,603
109Micronesia, Federated States of2,342
1India30,808,000
3Philippines9,358,785
50Taiwan356,238
42Turkey498,888
10Uganda4,337,747
123Algeria319
115American Samoa (United States of America)844
14Angola3,492,184
126Antigua and Barbuda270
58Argentina174,585
48Australia373,931
94Bahamas9,974
114Bahrain996
34Bangladesh810,347
113Barbados1,046
68Belize85,358
87Benin22,167
122Bermuda (UK)326
106Bhutan3,000
35Bolivia799,474
7Brazil6,752,171
118British Virgin Islands (UK)479
111Brunei Darussalam1,822
23Burundi1,654,955
95Cabo Verde9,509
61Cambodia144,403
8Cameroon5,144,258
127Cayman Islands (UK)239
57Central African Republic178,713
2China11,221,700
77Comoros46,777
9Congo, Democratic Republic of the5,066,203
60Congo, Republic of151,515
134Cook Islands30
16Costa Rica2,633,788
19Cote d'Ivoire2,280,368
31Cuba961,244
102Cyprus5,460
82Dominica32,345
20Dominican Republic2,224,403
25Egypt1,388,199
76El Salvador61,748
70Equatorial Guinea71,676
100Eswatini (formely Swaziland)6,857
40Ethiopia508,013
93Fiji10,281
91French Guiana (France)11,000
130French Polynesia (France)188
52Gabon292,052
12Ghana4,264,258
107Greece2,459
108Grenada2,426
75Guadeloupe (France)62,413
119Guam (United States of America)354
11Guatemala4,294,121
37Guinea730,509
72Guinea-Bissau65,628
81Guyana40,230
41Haiti505,087
36Honduras774,706
5Indonesia7,264,383
64Iran131,170
63Israel135,000
120Italy337
66Jamaica116,288
133Japan51
80Jordan42,098
24Kenya1,447,189
97Kiribati8,339
30Laos970,985
71Lebanon71,625
54Liberia192,000
46Madagascar383,522
33Malawi825,179
47Malaysia376,589
121Maldives334
56Mali187,011
55Martinique (France)188,857
99Mauritius7,333
17Mexico2,354,479
129Montserrat (UK)201
51Morocco319,950
39Mozambique578,437
27Myanmar1,226,994
53Nepal254,403
112New Caledonia (France)1,760
49Nicaragua361,352
15Nigeria3,093,872
132Niue81
89Oman18,265
62Pakistan135,056
105Palestine3,118
44Panama415,743
26Papua New Guinea1,383,174
69Paraguay75,868
18Peru2,329,480
86Portugal (Madeira)22,254
59Puerto Rico (United States of America)155,466
92Reunion (France)10,466
22Rwanda1,739,007
96Saint Lucia8,602
73Saint Vincent and the Grenadines64,384
85Samoa22,558
78Sao Tome and Principe46,550
83Senegal30,541
110Seychelles1,987
79Sierra Leone45,923
124Solomon Islands313
88Somalia20,905
43South Africa444,879
45Spain (Canary Islands)386,226
38Sri Lanka672,239
32Sudan951,233
74Suriname64,234
131Syrian Arab Republic154
13Tanzania4,045,568
28Thailand1,045,352
117Timor-Leste566
84Togo26,820
135Tokelau (NZ)16
104Tonga3,126
98Trinidad and Tobago8,293
125Tuvalu292
128United Arab Emirates204
103United States of America4,274
90Vanuatu16,787
29Venezuela978,475
21Viet Nam2,087,275
101Wallis and Futuna Islands (France)6,493
65Yemen116,322
116Zambia652
67Zimbabwe106,058

The hidden side of banana diversity: How three cultivar-rich but genetically homogeneous types of bananas came to dominate global production. Published 24 October 2017 in InfoMus@.