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Colombia


Colombia at a glance

Map of Colombia

Flag of Colombia
Population1

48.23 million

Gross Domestic Product2

295.1 billion US$

Agriculture3

6.8% of GDP

Total land area4

110.95 million hectares

Cultivated land5

43.78 million hectares

Banana production area6

477,000 hectares

Total banana production7
5.4 million metric tonnes

Colombia is the fourth exporter of Cavendish bananas. In August 2019, the Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA) confirmed the presence of tropical race 4 (TR4) in an area of 175 ha in Colombia's La Guajira department8 .  It is the first report of TR4 in Latin America9 .

Banana-producing areas

The department of Antioquia in the northwestern part of the country has 70% of the area planted in bananas, in Urabá and Magdalena mainly. About 16% of the area planted in bananas is occupied with bananas for the domestic market.

Production constraints

The so-called Race 1 of Fusarium wilt is present. Although it affects Gros Michel, the cultivar is still produced in highland areas and sold on the domestic market.

TR4 was confirmed to be present in the department of La Guajira in 2019. It is the first report of TR4 in Latin America9 .

Quarantine pests

The government of Colombia declared TR4 as a quarantine pest in 201110 .

References

1 2015 data from the World Bank
2 2015 data from the World Bank
3 2015 data from the World Bank
4 2011 data from FAOSTAT - Resources/Land
5 2011 data from FAOSTAT - Resources/Land
6 2013 data from FAOSTAT - Production/Crops
7 2013 data from FAOSTAT - Production/Crops
10 Resolution 1444 forbidding the importation in Colombia of Musa plant material from a country where TR4 is present.

See also on this website

Other banana-producing countries: