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'FHIA-03'


'FHIA-03' at a glance

FHIA-03

Credit: Jeff Daniells
Ploidy level

4x

Genome group

AABB

Status

Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institute

FHIA

Breeder's code

SH-3565

Pedigree

SH-3386 ((Gaddatu x BB) x SH-2471) x SH-3320

ITC code

ITC 0506

Musapedia pages on FHIA hybrids

(Intro text)

Local names

'Mona Lisa'

History of cultivation and current distribution

'FHIA-03' was released by FHIA in 1987 and is a dwarf cooking banana, bred from parents in the Bluggoe sub-group[1].

Morphological characteristics

'FHIA-03' can be distinguished by the pseudostem colour which is bright light green with no, or very few, blotches.  'FHIA-03' is the only FHIA hybrid with this characteristic[2].

Agronomic characteristics

Days from planting to flowering: 7.9 months[3]

Days from flowering to harvest: 122.7[4]

Days from planting to harvest: 10.9, 11.6, 11.4 months[3]

Height at shooting (cm):

Height at harvest (cm): 222, 228, 233[3]

Girth at shooting (cm):

Functional leaves at shooting:

Total leaves at shooting: 10.7, 11.8, 13.7[3]

Height of tallest sucker (cm): 96.7, 100, 108[3]

Mean bunch weight (kg): 31.8[4]

Number of hands: 7.3, 7.7, 8[3]

Total number of fruits: 91.3, 91.7, 92[3], 150[5]

Number of fruits on hand:

Finger length (cm): 22[4]

Finger girth (cm): 14.2[4]

Finger weight (g): 113[4]

Yield (t/ha/y): 26.5, 34.2, 37.1[3]

Reaction to diseases and pests

Fungal diseases

Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)

'FHIA-03' is considered susceptible but tolerant to Foc race 1 and Foc race 4. Despite high internal discolouration scores caused by Foc race 1 and Foc race 4 during evaluation trials as part of the International Musa Testing Programme Phase 2 trials, average bunch weight remained high (20.4 kg and 22.3 kg, respectively) across the sites[6].

However, 'FHIA-03' has also been reported as susceptible and sensitive to Fusarium wilt, with strong declines in yield when infected in field evaluation trials in Burundi{[7] and Australia[8].

Uses

'FHIA-03' is used as a cooking, brewing and dessert banana.

References

2. Alvarez, J.M. and Rosales, F.E. Rosales, F.E. (ed.). 2008. Identification and characterization guide for FHIA banana and plantain hybrids. Bioversity International, Montpellier. 15p.
3. Dzomeku, B.M., Banful, B., Ankoma, A.A., Yeboah, D.K. and Darkey, S.K. 2000. Multilocational evaluation of FHIA hybrids in Ghana. Infomusa (FRA) 9(1):20-22.
4. Nowakunda, K., Rubaihayo, P.R., Ameny, M.A. and Tushemereirwe, W. 2000. Consumer acceptability of introduced bananas in Uganda. Infomusa (FRA) 9(2):22-25.
5. Krauss, U., Soberanis, W. and Jarra, J. 2001. Evaluation of FHIA hybrids in comparison with local Musa clones in a black Sigatoka-free area of eastern Peru. Infomusa (FRA) 10(1):21-26.
6. Orjeda, G., Escalant, J. and Moore, N. 1999. The international Musa Testing Programme (IMTP) phase II overview of final report and summary of results. Infomusa (FRA) 8(1):3-10.
8. Moore, N.Y., Pegg, K.G., Smith, L., Langdon, P.W., Bentley, S. and Smith, M.K. 2001. Fusarium wilt of banana in Australia. p.64-75. In: Molina, A.B., Nik Masdek, N.H. and Liew, K.W. (eds.). Proceedings of International Workshop on the Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease, Genting Highlands Resort (MYS), 1999/10/18-20. Banana Fusarium wilt management: Towards sustainable cultivation. INIBAP, Los Baños (PHL).

See also on this website

Improved materials pages:
Accession-level information on FHIA-03 and online ordering from MGIS