AAB Pome cv. Prata Ana x SH-3142
'Bonanza', 'Bananza' (Australia)
Height at harvest (cm):
Functional leaves at shooting: 10.0
Total leaves at harvest: 6.2, 6.6
Number of hands: 11.1
Total number of fruits: 172
Number of fruits on hand: 20.7
Finger length (cm): 20.4, 23.8
Finger girth (cm): 11.8, 12.7
Finger weight (g):
Reaction to diseases and pests
Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)
'FHIA-18' is considered to be resistant to Foc race 1 and race 4 after field evaluation trials in Australia.
Black leaf streak (Mycosphaerella fijiensis)
Sigatoka leaf spot (Mycosphaerella musicola)
'FHIA-18' developed very little 'yellow Sigatoka' leaf spot during field evaluation trials in Australia for Fusarium wilt, though unsprayed for leaf spot diseases.
Recommendations for cultivation, harvest, post-harvest
FHIA recommends the following :
Altitude: 0-1000m with slower development at higher altitudes
Rainfall: 2,000 mm/year well distributed throughout the year
Temperature: optimum of 28 °C, though is cold-tolerant and able to grow at lower temperatures than the more commonly grown Cavendish varieties
Soil: unflooded, well-drained
Planting density: 1,600 plants/ha recommended
Fertilizer inputs: in Honduras, applied 300 kg/year nitrogen (N), 450 kg/year potassium (K).
Management advice: remove infected tips every two weeks (de-leaf). Remove young shoots every eight weeks (de-sucker). 'FHIA-18' plants have been reported as being susceptible to sunburn and therefore need some protection from the sun. Finger drop when ripe is also considered to be a major problem.
'FHIA-18' is used as a dessert banana. The flavour is bittersweet, similar to an apple .