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'FHIA-18'


(Intro text)

'FHIA-18' at a glance
Ploidy level

4x

Genome group

AAAB

Status

Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institute

FHIA

Breeder's code

SH-3480

Pedigree

'Prata Ana' (AAB, Pome) x SH-3142

ITC code

ITC1319, ITC1412

Local names

'Bonanza', 'Bananza' (Australia)

Agronomic characteristics

Days from planting to flowering: 255[1], 377[2]

Days from flowering to harvest: 151[1], 178[2]

Days from planting to harvest: 403[1], 502[2]

Height at shooting (cm): 252[2], 270[1], 2.4, 3.55[3]

Height at harvest (cm):

Girth at shooting (cm): 61, 67{[3], 66.1[1], 67.4[2]

Functional leaves at shooting: 10.0[2]

Total leaves at shooting: 10.6[2], 10.4, 11.2[3]

Total leaves at harvest: 6.2, 6.6[3]

Mean bunch weight (kg): 22, 28.2[3], 25.3[1], 32.6, 34.6, 37[2]

Number of hands: 11.1[1]

Total number of fruits: 172[1]

Number of fruits on hand: 20.7[1]

Finger length (cm): 20.4, 23.8[2]

Finger girth (cm): 11.8, 12.7[2]

Finger weight (g):

Yield (t/ha): 37.4, 62[3], 46.5[1]

Reaction to diseases and pests

Fungal diseases

Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)

'FHIA-18' is considered to be resistant to Foc race 1 and race 4 after field evaluation trials in Australia[4].

Black leaf streak (Mycosphaerella fijiensis)

Sigatoka leaf spot (Mycosphaerella musicola)

'FHIA-18' developed very little 'yellow Sigatoka' leaf spot during field evaluation trials in Australia for Fusarium wilt, though unsprayed for leaf spot diseases[5].

Recommendations for cultivation, harvest, post-harvest

FHIA recommends the following[6] :

Altitude: 0-1000m with slower development at higher altitudes

Rainfall: 2,000 mm/year well distributed throughout the year

Temperature: optimum of 28 °C, though is cold-tolerant and able to grow at lower temperatures than the more commonly grown Cavendish varieties

Soil: unflooded, well-drained

Planting density: 1,600 plants/ha recommended

Fertilizer inputs: in Honduras, applied 300 kg/year nitrogen (N), 450 kg/year potassium (K).

Management advice: remove infected tips every two weeks (de-leaf).  Remove young shoots every eight weeks (de-sucker).  'FHIA-18' plants have been reported as being susceptible to sunburn and therefore need some protection from the sun.  Finger drop when ripe is also considered to be a major problem.

Uses

'FHIA-18' is used as a dessert banana.  The flavour is bittersweet, similar to an apple[6] .

References

1. Gaidashova, S.V., Karemera, F. and Karamura, E.B. 2008.Agronomic performance of introduced banana varieties in lowlands of Rwanda. African Crop Science Journal 16(1):9-16.
2. Njuguna, J., Nguthi, F., Wepukhulu, S., Wambugu, F., Gitau, D., Karuoya, M. and Karamura, D.A. 2008.Introduction and evaluation of improved banana cultivars for agronomic and yield characteristics in Kenya. African Crop Science Journal 16(1):35-40.
3. Vazquez-Valdivia, V., Pérez Barraza, M.H. and Orozco Romero, J. 2004. Evaluation of banana cultivars tolerant to black Sigatoka in Nayarit. p.174-178. In: Orozco Romero, J., Orozco-Santos, M., Zapata-Altaminaro, R., Vizcaíno-Guajardo, A., Morfin-Valencia, A. and Hernández-Bautista, J.A. (eds.). Proceedings of Reunión Internacional ACORBAT, Oaxaca (MEX), 2004/09/26-10/01. Proceedings of the XVI ACORBAT international meeting. ACORBAT, Oaxaca (MEX).
4. Williams, R. 2005. Australian banana industry: Status and RandD update. p.19-36. In: Molina, A.B., Xu, L.B., Roa, V.N., Van den Bergh, I. and Borromeo, K.H. (eds.). Proceedings of Proceedings of the 3rd BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting.], Guangzhou (CHN), 2004/11/23-26. Advancing banana and plantain RandD in Asia and the Pacific. INIBAP-ASPNET, Los Baños (PHL).
5. Moore, N.Y., Pegg, K.G., Smith, L., Langdon, P.W., Bentley, S. and Smith, M.K. 2001. Fusarium wilt of banana in Australia. p.64-75. In: Molina, A.B., Nik Masdek, N.H. and Liew, K.W.(eds.). Proceedings of International Workshop on the Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease, Genting Highlands Resort (MYS), 1999/10/18-20. Banana Fusarium wilt management: Towards sustainable cultivation. INIBAP, Los Baños (PHL).

See also on this website

Local names for 'FHIA-18' in the cultivar checklist
Musapedia pages on FHIA hybrids:
Musapedia pages on improved materials: