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'FHIA-23'


Introduction

'FHIA-23' at a glance

FHIA-23

Credit: Jeff Daniells
Ploidy level

4x

Genome group

AAAA

Status

Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institute

FHIA

Breeder's code

SH-3444

Pedigree

Highgate (AAA, Gros Michel) x SH-3362

ITC code

ITC1265

Morphological characteristics

FHIA-23 has a green to light-green pseudostem with more or less abundant dark brown blotches.  The bunch hangs perpendicular to the pseudostem.  The rachis is bare with a slightly arched curvature and the internodes are fine and shallow.  The petiole channel is open with winged margins, is thin and light green on both sides[1] .

Agronomic characteristics

Days from planting to flowering: 334[2], 436[3]

Days from flowering to harvest: 128[4] , 137[3], 149[2]

Days from planting to harvest: 483[2], 572[3]

Height at shooting (cm): 288[2], 301[3]

Height at harvest (cm):

Girth at shooting (cm): 70[2], 81.6[3]

Functional leaves at shooting: 10.9[2]

Total leaves at shooting: 11.9[2]

Mean bunch weight (kg): 7.4[5] , 24.4[3], 24.8, 27.8, 31.2[2], 33[4], 36, 42.5[6]

Number of hands: 13.3[3]

Total number of fruits: 214[3]

Number of fruits on hand: 24.6[3]

Finger length (cm): 17.6[2], 23.3[4]

Finger girth (cm): 13.2[4], 13.4[2]

Finger weight (g): 123.3[4]

Yield (t/ha): 24.3[3]

Peel (total waste from whole finger, %): 44.5[4]

Dry matter weight (%): 31.1{[4]

Shelf life (days): 7.6[4]

References

1. Alvarez, J.M. and Rosales, F.E. Rosales, F.E. (ed.). 2008. Identification and characterization guide for FHIA banana and plantain hybrids. Bioversity International, Montpellier. 15p.
2. Njuguna, J., Nguthi, F., Wepukhulu, S., Wambugu, F., Gitau, D., Karuoya, M. and Karamura, D.A. 2008. Introduction and evaluation of improved banana cultivars for agronomic and yield characteristics in Kenya. African Crop Science Journal 16(1):35-40.
3. Gaidashova, S.V., Karemera, F. and Karamura, E.B. 2008.Agronomic performance of introduced banana varieties in lowlands of Rwanda. African Crop Science Journal 16(1):9-16.
4. Nowakunda, K., Rubaihayo, P.R., Ameny, M.A. and Tushemereirwe, W. 2000. Consumer acceptability of introduced bananas in Uganda. Infomusa (FRA) 9(2):22-25.
5. Ploetz, R.C., Haynes, J.L. and Vásquez, A. 1999. Evaluation of bananas for niche markets in subtropical Florida. Infomusa (FRA) 8(2):15-18.
6. Hernandez, A. and Perez, L. 2001. Reaction of banana and plantain cultivars to black sigatoka disease caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet. Epidemiological components of the resistance. Fitosanidad 5: 9-15.

See also on this website

Local names for 'FHIA-23' in the cultivar checklist
Musapedia pages on FHIA hybrids:
Musapedia pages on improved materials: