Loading...
 

'FLHORBAN 916'


'FLHORBAN-916' at a glance

Image

Ploidy level

3x

Genome

AAA

Status

Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institutes

CIRAD

Breeder's code

CIRAD MU-916

Pedigree

AA x AAAA

ITC code

ITC1584

'FLHORBAN 916' is a AAA dessert banana bred by CIRAD to be resistant to Mycosphaerella fijiensis and Mycosphaerella musicola. It is also tolerant to Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus coffeae. Its shelf life is too short for the export market, but other features might appeal to domestic producers.

Breeding strategy

'FLHORBAN 916' was produced by crossing an AA cultivar with a tetraploid (AAAA). The tetraploid parent was produced by doubling the genome of a AA cultivar using colchicine (a natural substance used to induce polyploidy in plant cells).

Morphological and agronomic characteristics

'FLHORBAN 916' is taller than the Cavendish cultivar 'Grande Naine', but it is more slender and the bunch is smaller. Nevertheless, the annual yield may be similar or higher as a result of the short interval between harvests (about 4 months). The hybrid is characterized by a high number of short fruits, whose skin is thinner than those of 'Grande Naine'. A panel of consumers appreciated its sweet and fruity taste. It was bred for the export market, but its shelf life and consumption life are too short.

The table below compares 'FLHORBAN 916' to 'Grande Naine' (CIRAD data collected in Guadeloupe):
Traits
FLHORBAN 916
Grande Naine
Plant height (cm)
320
290
Pseudostem girth (cm)
55
66
Robustness (girth / height x 100)
17
23
Number of cycles per year 2.9 2.1
Bunch weight (kg) 19 33
Number of hands in a bunch
8
10
Number of fingers in a bunch
160
230
Fruit length (mm)
200
250
Fruit diameter (mm)
32
34
Fruit weight (g)
110
160
Optimum harvest stage (Cumulative temperature, degree-days)
650
900
Base temperature for harvest optimum stage (°C)
17
14
Flower relicts removal
easy
easy
Fruit falling when fully ripe
yes
no
Fruit taste
sweet and fruity
sweet, typical banana
Fruit texture
 
gluey, floury
Shelf life (days after climacteric induction)
3 - 7
4 - 9
Consumption life (days after climacteric induction)
4 - 7
5 - 11
Susceptibility to impacts yes moderately
Tiger-skinned/spotted no yes
Packing easy easy

Host reaction to pests and diseases

'FLHORBAN 916' is resistant to M. fijiensis and M. musicola, causal agents of black leaf streak and Sigatoka leaf spot respectively.

It has not been evaluated for its reaction against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense.

It is tolerant to the nematodes R. similis and P. coffeae.

Recommendations for cultivation

Unlike 'Grande Naine', 'FLHORBAN 916' can be cultivated in double rows to increase yield.

References

 

See also on this website

 

Musapedia pages on FLHORBAN hybrids:
Musapedia pages on improved materials:
Abadie, C, Chilin-Charles, Y, Huat, J, Salmon, F, Pignolet, L, Carlier, J, Lescot, T, Côte, F and Jenny, C. 2009. New approaches to select cultivars of banana with durable resistance to Mycosphaerella leaf spot diseases. Acta Horticulturae 828: 171-178.