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FLHORBAN 916


Flhorban-916

Image

Ploidy level

3x

Genome

AAA

Status

Synthetic hybrid

Pedigree
AA x AAAA

FLHORBAN 916 is a AAA dessert banana bred by CIRAD to be resistant to Mycosphaerella fijiensis and Mycosphaerella musicola. It is also tolerant to Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus coffeae. Its shelf life is too short for the export market, but other features might appeal to domestic producers.

The code of the hybrid in the CIRAD collection is CIRAD MU-916. It is available from the ITC, where its accession code is ITC1584.

Breeding strategy

FLHORBAN 916 was produced by crossing an AA cultivar with a tetraploid (AAAA). The tetraploid parent was produced by doubling the genome of a AA cultivar using colchicine (a natural substance used to induce polyploidy in plant cells).

Morphological and agronomic characteristics

FLHORBAN 916 is taller than the Cavendish cultivar Grande Naine, but it is more slender and the bunch is smaller. Nevertheless, the annual yield may be similar or higher as a result of the short interval between harvests (about 4 months). The hybrid is characterized by a high number of short fruits, whose skin is thinner than those of Grande Naine. A panel of consumers appreciated its sweet and fruity taste. It was bred for the export market, but its shelf life and consumption life are too short.

The table below compares FLHORBAN 916 to Grande Naine (CIRAD data collected in Guadeloupe):
Traits
FLHORBAN 916
Grande Naine
Plant height (cm)
320
290
Pseudostem girth (cm)
55
66
Robustness (girth / height x 100)
17
23
Number of cycles per year 2.9 2.1
Bunch weight (kg) 19 33
Number of hands in a bunch
8
10
Number of fingers in a bunch
160
230
Fruit length (mm)
200
250
Fruit diameter (mm)
32
34
Fruit weight (g)
110
160
Optimum harvest stage (Cumulative temperature, degree-days)
650
900
Base temperature for harvest optimum stage (°C)
17
14
Flower relicts removal
easy
easy
Fruit falling when fully ripe
yes
no
Fruit taste
sweet and fruity
sweet, typical banana
Fruit texture
 
gluey, floury
Shelf life (days after climacteric induction)
3 - 7
4 - 9
Consumption life (days after climacteric induction)
4 - 7
5 - 11
Susceptibility to impacts yes moderately
Tiger-skinned/spotted no yes
Packing easy easy

Host reaction to pests and diseases

FLHORBAN 916 is resistant to M. fijiensis and M. musicola, causal agents of black leaf streak and Sigatoka leaf spot respectively.

It has not been evaluated for its reaction against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense.

It is tolerant to the nematodes R. similis and P. coffeae.

Recommendations for cultivation

Unlike Grande Naine, FLHORBAN 916 can be cultivated in double rows to increase yield.

References

Search for accession-level information on FLHORBAN 916 in MGIS or order it online at ITC1584

See also on this website

Musapedia pages on improved materials:

Further reading

Abadie, C, Chilin-Charles, Y, Huat, J, Salmon, F, Pignolet, L, Carlier, J, Lescot, T, Côte, F and Jenny, C. 2009. New approaches to select cultivars of banana with durable resistance to Mycosphaerella leaf spot diseases. Acta Horticulturae 828: 171-178.