International Plant Protection Convention

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a multilateral treaty overseen by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)[1]. It is  aimed at preventing the spread of pests (including pathogesn) of plants and plant products, and promoting appropriate measures for their control. The IPPC is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), established under Article 12 of the Convention.

The IPPC works with Convention contracting parties to develop robust and enforceable phytosanitary measures that underpin the parties’ ability to manage pest risks and the environmental, economic and social impacts of plant pests. There are 183 contracting parties to the IPPC[2].

The IPPC also works with Regional Plant Protection Organizations and other relevant international organizations to build phytosanitary capacity, to identify and address risks that cross national borders. The Convention also encourages support to developing countries to improve the effectiveness of their National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) and to participate in regional plant protection organizations.

The IPPC defines a quarantine pest as “a pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled”. 

Commission on Phytosanitary Measures

The IPPC is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures, which meets annually to promote cooperation to help implement the objectives of the IPPC. In particular, the CPM:
  • reviews the state of plant protection around the world;
  • identifies action to control the spread of pests into new areas;
  • develops and adopts international standards;
  • establishes rules and procedures for resolving disputes;
  • establishes rules and procedures for the sharing of phytosanitary information; and
  • cooperates with international organizations on matters covered by the Convention.

International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures

The IPPC provides an international framework for plant protection that includes developing International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) in order to achieve international harmonization of quarantine policies and to facilitate trade by preventing countries from using unjustifiable measures as trade barriers[3]. These include standards for:
  •     procedures and references;
  •     pest surveillance, survey and monitoring;
  •     import regulations and pest risk analysis;
  •     compliance procedures and phytosanitary inspection methodologies;
  •     pest management;
  •     post entry quarantine;
  •     exotic pest emergency response, control and eradication; and
  •     export certification.

Developing countries receive technical assistance to support their ability to implement the Convention and the ISPMs.


Official website of the IPPC


Contributors to this page: Anne Vézina .
Page last modified on Thursday, 13 September 2018 08:46:30 CEST by Anne Vézina.