International Plant Protection Convention
The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a multilateral treaty overseen by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It is aimed at preventing the spread of pests (including pathogesn) of plants and plant products, and promoting appropriate measures for their control. The IPPC is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), established under Article 12 of the Convention.
The IPPC works with Convention contracting parties to develop robust and enforceable phytosanitary measures that underpin the parties’ ability to manage pest risks and the environmental, economic and social impacts of plant pests. There are 183 contracting parties to the IPPC.
The IPPC also works with Regional Plant Protection Organizations and other relevant international organizations to build phytosanitary capacity, to identify and address risks that cross national borders. The Convention also encourages support to developing countries to improve the effectiveness of their National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) and to participate in regional plant protection organizations.
The IPPC defines a quarantine pest as “a pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled”.
Commission on Phytosanitary Measures
- reviews the state of plant protection around the world;
- identifies action to control the spread of pests into new areas;
- develops and adopts international standards;
- establishes rules and procedures for resolving disputes;
- establishes rules and procedures for the sharing of phytosanitary information; and
- cooperates with international organizations on matters covered by the Convention.
International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
- procedures and references;
- pest surveillance, survey and monitoring;
- import regulations and pest risk analysis;
- compliance procedures and phytosanitary inspection methodologies;
- pest management;
- post entry quarantine;
- exotic pest emergency response, control and eradication; and
Developing countries receive technical assistance to support their ability to implement the Convention and the ISPMs.