Musa is the name of the genus to which wild and cultivated bananas belong. In the hierarchy of botanicall classification, a genus comes above species and below family. In the binomial nomenclature system created by Carl Linneaus, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus (e.g. Musa acuminata).

Although cultivated bananas have been given Latin binomial names, the practice has been discouraged since the development of a genome-based system. With regards to bananas, the use of binomial names is best reserved to their wild relatives

The Musa genus belongs to the Musaceae family and is divided into sections.

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The scientific name of the banana