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Musa acuminata


Musa acuminata at a glance

Image

Order

Zingiberales

Family

Musaceae

Genus

Musa

Section

Musa

Species

Musa acuminata

Subspecies

Musa acuminata is a wild species of banana best known for being at the origin of the vast majority of edible bananas, by itself or ithrough hybridization with Musa balbisiana. The World checklist of selected plant families recognizes eight subspecies and three varieties[1]. Four subspecies (banksii, zebrina, malaccensis and burmannica) have been confirmed to be involved in the domestication of the banana[2].

Musa acuminata is diploid, that is it has two sets of chromosomes. The basic chromosome number is 11. In other words, the species' genes are distributed over 11 pairs of chromosomes.

A doubled haploid derived from an acuminata subspecies was used to sequence the acuminata genome[3].

Main characteristics

Distribution

Image
Distribution of subspecies of Musa acuminata in southeast Asia. Source Perrier et al. 2011

References

1. The World checklist of selected plant families managed by Kew Royal Botanical Gardens.
2. Perrier, X., Bakry, F., Carreel, F., Jenny, C., Horry, J.P., Lebot, V. and Hippolyte, I. 2009. Combining biological approaches to shed light on the evolution of edible bananas. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 7:199-216.

Further reading

Special issue on the history of banana domestication in Ethnobotany Research & Applications.

Also on this website

Search for photos of Musa acuminata in the Musarama image bank
Musapedia pages on subspecies of Musa acuminata
Musapedia pages on wild banana species
Contributors to this page: Anne Vézina .
Page last modified on Thursday, 04 January 2018 11:41:29 CET by Anne Vézina.