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'NARITA 11'


'NARITA 11' at a glance

Image

Left to right: ‘NARITA 11’, its female parent 1201K-1 and its female grandparent ‘Nakawere’

Ploidy level

3x

Genome group

AAA

Status

Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institutes

NARO and IITA

Breeder's code

 12479S-1

Pedigree

‘Nakawere’ (AAA), Musa acuminata ssp. burmannica (Calcutta 4), ‘Tjau Lagada’ (AA) and ‘Pisang Lilin’ (AA)

ITC code

ITC1806

Musapedia pages on NARITA hybrids

'NARITA 11' is a high-yielding and disease-resistant hybrid that is related, through its female grandparent, to a group of cooking and beer bananas called East African highland bananas (EAHB). ‘NARITA 11’ is named after NARO and IITA, the institutes that jointly developed the NARITA hybrids[1].

Two crosses were performed to obtain ‘NARITA 11’. The triploid EAHB cultivar ‘Nakawere’ was crossed with a wild source of disease resistance to produce a tetraploid. This tetraploid was then crossed with an improved diploid to produce the triploid hybrid ‘NARITA 11’ (see Breeding strategy below).

‘NARITA 11’ has been tested on station in Uganda, and is ready for further evaluation in a broader range of end-users environments (including farmers’ fields), to assess its potential for adoption by farmers and consumers[2]. Its primary use is as a cooking type.

Breeding strategy

Breeding scheme for 'NARITA 11'

‘NARITA 11’ is a secondary triploid obtained by crossing a disease-resistant tetraploid (1201K-1) with an improved diploid (9128-3)[3].

The tetraploid female parent 1201K-1 was obtained by crossing the triploid EAHB cultivar ‘Nakawere’ with Calcutta 4, a genebank accession of the diploid wild species Musa acuminata ssp. burmannica, which provided a copy of the so-called A genome. Calcutta 4 provided the resistance to black leaf streak.

The diploid male parent 9128-3 (whose code used to be preceded by TMBx, for tropical Musa bananas[4]) had been obtained by crossing two diploid cultivars: ‘Tjau Lagada’ and ‘Pisang Lilin’.

Agronomic performance

The following agronomic data were collected during a preliminary yield trial carried out by IITA and NARO at Namulonge in Central Uganda[3]:

Traits
NARITA 11*
Plant height at flowering (cm)
325.7
Pseudostem girth at flowering (cm)
48.3
Time from flowering to harvest (days)
182.0
Bunch weight (kg)
17.5
Number of hands
8.6
Number of fingers
159.7
Fruit circumference (cm)
11.1
Fruit length (cm)
20.1
Number of functional leaves at flowering
8.8
Number of functional leaves at harvest
2.8
Height of tallest sucker at flowering (cm)
265.8
Height of tallest sucker at harvest (cm)
293.0
Youngest leaf spotted at flowering
6.9
Youngest leaf spotted at harvest
2.1
Survival rate (%)
90
* Data are averages for 10 plants evaluated over three crop cycles.

Reaction to diseases and pests

The scores for number of functional leaves and youngest leaf spotted at flowering and harvest indicate medium resistance to black leaf streak.

References

1. IITA press release on the first ever high-yielding matooke hybrids.
2. IITA press release on project to boost banana production in Uganda and Tanzania.
3. Tushemereirwe W, Batte M, Nyine M, Tumuhimbise R, Barekye A, Tendo S, Kubiriba J, Lorenzen J and Swennen R. 2015. Performance of NARITA banana hybrids in the preliminary yield trial for three cycles in Uganda.
4. Vuylsteke, D., Ortiz, R. and Ferris, S. 1993. Genetic and agronomic improvement for sustainable production of plantain and banana in sub-saharan Africa. African Crop Science Journal 1(1):1-8.

Also on this website

Browse photos of NARITA hybrids in Musarama

Official website of Uganda's National Agricultural Research Organization, NARO and its banana research program

To order NARITA11 and browse accession-level information in MGIS