Bangladesh is host to a diversity of bananas that occupy different ecological niches. The diversity also reflects preferences in fruit size, shape, colour and aroma as well as nutritional, medicinal and cultural values. Both dessert and cooking cultivars are grown. Commercial growers usually remove the male bud after the last hands have set.
The Bengali word for banana is kola. It often follows the name of a cultivar. This page aims to document the country's diversity, starting with the most important ones.
Sagor (AAA genome1 ) is the most popular dessert banana in Bangladesh. It is also known as Amrit Sagor or Amritsagar. The plant is medium-sized and cannot withstand strong wind. The ripe banana develops a bright yellow colour. The average bunch has 5-7 hands and 12-13 fingers in each hand1 .
Raamsagor is the most famous Sagor for its large size, test and flavour.
Sabri (AAB genome1 ) is also known as Malbhog, Onupam and Martaman. It is a popular dessert cultivar, widely grown in the north and western areas of Bangladesh . This tall plant has a yellowish green pseudostem with brownish blotches. The margins of the petiole and leaf sheath are reddish. The average bunch weight is about 10 kg. A bunch contains 85-120 fingers. Fruits are medium-sized. The peel is thin and the pulp is ivory-yellow in colour. Its texture is firm and taste sweet. However, hard lumps sometimes form in the pulp and the ripe fruits drop easily1 .
This cultivar is highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt1 .
Chini Champa or Champa (AAB genome1 ) is one of the hardiest and tallest cultivar grown in the country. Its cultivation is especially widespread in the Chittagong and Chittagong Hill districts. It can be grown under rain-fed condition or with minial irrigation. Its fruits are small and have a thin peel. The pulp is creamy in colour and its taste is sub-acid. The fruits turn golden yellow when ripe and keep well. The bunch contains 150-250 fingers and weighs about 16 kg1 .
The plant is resistant to Fusarium wilt and fairly resistant to Bunchy top1 .
Mehersagar (AAA genome1 ) is a medium-dwarf cultivar. Its fruits are large and have a greenish to dull yellow colour when ripe. The flesh is very soft and sweet. The keeping quality of fruits is poor and the market price is less. The average bunch weight is about 15 kg. It is susceptible to leaf spot diseases1 .
The cultivar is favored for its pink color, good scent and sweetness.
This variety is common in the country's southern districts and popular for its flavour which is reminiscent of jackfruit, hence Kanthali, a derivation of Kanthal, the Bengali name for jackfruit. It is used as a home remedy for treating disentry.
BARI-1 is a high yielding banana cultivar (AAA genome1 ) introduced to farmers by the Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI)2 . The cultivar yields 150–200 bananas per stalk, has a good in flavour and is resistant to Bunchy top and black leaf streak3 .
Atia Kola contains soft seeds. It is generally consumed by young people. It provides relief against constipation and intestinal disorders. The boiled and mashed inflorescence and pseudostem of the young plant are also consumend.
Bichi Kola also has soft seeds. It is found throughout the country, near roadsides and footpaths.
Kacha Kola, also know as Anaji Kola, is the most commonly found plantain in the country. The fruit is rich in iron and the inflorescence has a good anti-diabetic effect.