BXW is the acronym of banana Xanthomonas wilt, a bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum. Before 2001, it was found only in Ethiopia, where it affects bananas and its close relative enset (Ensete ventricosum). It has since spread to the Great Lakes region of East Africa, where it can cause considerable losses when left uncontrolled. Although no resistant cultivars have been identified, the disease can be controlled by using cultural practices.