Panama disease

Panama disease is the name commonly given to Fusarium wilt, a lethal disease of bananas that is caused by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). It is named after Panama, one of the first countries to report the disease in the 1890s.  

One of the strains of the fungus, tropical race 4 (TR4), has been  responsible for outbreaks in commercial plantations of Cavendish bananas in Asia, where it originated, and has since been observed in Australia, the Middle East and Africa.

Related content

Musapedia page on Fusarium wilt
Musapedia page on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, the causal agent of Fusarium wilt
News and blogs on Fusarium wilt: