Ernest E. Cheesman
Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture in Trinidad
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Ernest Entwistle Cheesman (1898-1983) was an English botanist noted for his work on the Musaceae plant family to which bananas belong. He is considered to be the father of modern Musa taxonomy1 .
Between 1925 and 1937, Cheesman worked as professor of botany at the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture in Trinidad. After his return to England, he worked on the taxonomy of Musaceae at the Royal Botanic Gardens, in Kew. As a result of his studies he revived the genus Ensete2 , first published in 1862 by Paul Fedorowitsch Horaninow, but then not accepted. Cheesman made it clear that there are no wild Musa native to Africa, only Ensete.
Cheesman noticed that Linneaus' model for Musa paradisiaca was a Plantain while the model for Musa sapientum was Silk banana. He went on to argue that it was impossible to reconcile within the Linnean nomenclature system the true, wild species of banana and the cultivated types3 . The challenge of coming up with an alternative system for cultivated bananas was taken up by two of his young colleagues, Norman Simmonds and Kenneth Shepherd.
Norman Simmonds named the wild banana species Musa cheesmanii in his honour.
Review of Madras bananas, a monograph.