'SH-3640' at a glance
Ploidy level



Synthetic hybrid

Breeding institute


ITC code


(Intro text)

Local names

'High Noon' (South Africa)1

Agronomic characteristics


Time from planting to flowering (days): 3152 , 3503
Time from flowering to harvest (days): 1453 , 1802
Time from planting to harvest / crop cycle (days): 4653 , 4952
Pseudostem height (cm): 2532 , 2843
Pseudostem girth (cm): 59.22 , 73.53
Number of total leaves: 11.82
Number of functional leaves: 11.42
Bunch weight (kg): 22.53 , 30.0, 31.1, 33.42
Number of hands: 103
Number of fruits in bunch: 1533
Number of fruits in hand: 16.53
Fruit length (cm): 19.6, 21.62
Fruit girth (cm): 13.3, 13.92
Fruit weight (g):  
Yeild (t/ha/y): 27.03

Reaction to diseases and pests

Fungal diseases

Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)

Race 1: 'SH-3640-10' is considered to be susceptible but tolerant to Foc race 1 after field evaluation trials in Australia showed that plants exhibited few external symptoms of Foc infection and produced good bunches, but the vascular tissues of the rhizomes and pseudostems were discoloured1 .

Race 4: 'SH-3640-10' is considered to be resistant to Foc race 4 after field evaluation trials in Australia showed that very few plants had vascular discolouration of the rhizome and pseudostem1 .


1 Moore, N.Y., Pegg, K.G., Smith, L., Langdon, P.W., Bentley, S. and Smith, M.K. 2001. Fusarium wilt of banana in Australia. p.64-75. In: Molina, A.B., Nik Masdek, N.H. and Liew, K.W. (eds.). Proceedings of International Workshop on the Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease, Genting Highlands Resort (MYS), 1999/10/18-20. Banana Fusarium wilt management: Towards sustainable cultivation. INIBAP, Los Baños (PHL).
2 Njuguna, J., Nguthi, F., Wepukhulu, S., Wambugu, F., Gitau, D., Karuoya, M. and Karamura, D.A. 2008.Introduction and evaluation of improved banana cultivars for agronomic and yield characteristics in Kenya. African Crop Science Journal 16(1):35-40.
3 Gaidashova, S.V., Karemera, F. and Karamura, E.B. 2008.Agronomic performance of introduced banana varieties in lowlands of Rwanda. African Crop Science Journal 16(1):9-16.

See also on this website

Musapedia pages on improved materials: