Colombia at a glance

Map of Colombia

Flag of Colombia

48.23 million

Gross Domestic Product1

295.1 billion US$


6.8% of GDP

Total land area2

110.95 million hectares

Cultivated land2

43.78 million hectares

Banana production area3

477,000 hectares

Total banana production3
5.4 million metric tonnes

Colombia is the fourth exporter of Cavendish bananas. In August 2019, the Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA) confirmed the presence of tropical race 4 (TR4) in an area of 175 ha in Colombia's La Guajira department4 .  It is the first report of TR4 in Latin America5 .

Banana-producing areas

The department of Antioquia in the northwestern part of the country has 70% of the area planted in bananas, in Urabá and Magdalena mainly. About 16% of the area planted in bananas is occupied with bananas for the domestic market.

Production constraints

The so-called Race 1 of Fusarium wilt is present. Although it affects Gros Michel, the cultivar is still produced in highland areas and sold on the domestic market.

TR4 was confirmed to be present in the department of La Guajira in 2019. It is the first report of TR4 in Latin America5 .

Quarantine pests

The government of Colombia declared TR4 as a quarantine pest in 20116 .


1 2015 data from the World Bank
6 Resolution 1444 forbidding the importation in Colombia of Musa plant material from a country where TR4 is present.

See also on this website

Other banana-producing countries: