'Bungulan' at a glance
Ploidy level


Genome group






'Bungulan' is a popular Cavendish cultivar from the Philippines, where it is also known as 'Bongolan', 'Balungun' and 'Bangalun' among other synonyms1 . It is a tall Cavendish considered by Norman Simmonds to be identical to Pisang Masak Hijau'2 , whose name means green (hijau) ripe (masak) banana (pisang) because its fruits remain green at maturity1 .

Several rarer forms have fruits that turn yellow when ripe. A yellow-fruited form was taken to Central America, along with plants of the Phillipines cultivar 'Lacatan'. The labels got mixed up, leading 'Bungulan' to be known in the Americas as 'Lacatan'1 . The Philippines 'Lacatan', a non-Cavendish type, is now spelled 'Lakatan'.

'Bungolan' is common throughout Southeast Asia.

Local names

'Bungulan' is known in Malaysia as 'Pisang Masak Hijau', in Indonesia as 'Pisang Ambon Lumut' and in Thailand as 'Kluai Hom Khieo'3 .


1 Page 331 in Allen, P.H. 1965. Annotated index of Philippine musaceae. Philippine Agriculturist 49(5):320-411.
2 Simmonds, N.W. 1966. Bananas. 2 ed. Tropical Agricultural Series. Longman, New York, USA. 512p.
3 Valmayor, R.V., Espino, R.R.C. and Pascua, O.C. 2002. The Wild and Cultivated Bananas of the Philippines. PARRFI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines. 242p.

See also on this website

Local names for 'Bungulan' in the cultivar checklist
Musapedia pages on cultivars: